Cochineal is used to dye a wide range of shades in varying intensities, from bright red to shades of pink, purple, and orange. It is a scale insect that lives on the prickly pear cactus.
The inner bark of the Chapi plant, which grows in August and September, is used to create shades of orange and coral.
Q’olle flowers are often used to make yellow, as well as some shades of orange.
Ch'illca produces a very dark green. It can also be combined other plants such as Ñuñunqa, to produce lighter, brighter green hues.
Tara, combined with blue collpa, produces blue.
Usually there is no need to dye the yarn at all to achieve this as the alpaca and llamas are these colors.